Types Of Resumes – Targeted, Functional, Chronological and Combination

Believe it or not, there are different types of resumes. In today’s competitive job market, it’s important to make yourself stand out to a potential employer. One of the best ways to do so is by writing a great resume. However, there are several different types of resumes one can use. This depends on such factors as your skill level, previous experience, and past accomplishments. These are known as targeted, chronological, combination and functional resumes. Let’s take a closer look at each to give you a better idea of which one is best for your career.

Types Of Resumes

What are the different types of resumes then?

We will start with the targeted resume.

This resume is to be used for a specific job with a specific company. For example, if there is a particular organization you wish to work for and you know there are positions available there, you can send a targeted resume. This allows you to apply for a job without mentioning the actual job opening. This will hopefully make you a leading candidate before the positions are advertised to the public. If the company has several positions you feel you are qualified for, you will need to do a targeted resume for each position.

Next is the chronological resume.

This does just as it sounds. It lists your jobs in chronological order, usually beginning with the most recent job. This resume lists all jobs you have had. It’s a good choice for applicants with many years of experience for a position. This can allow you to stand out to an employer by displaying a growing level of experience and responsibility. By using this resume type, you demonstrate the trust previous employers have put in you.

Another resume type is known as functional.

This one is particularly useful for younger people just entering the job market. Job seekers who have been out of the market for years, such as stay-at-home moms, or applicants who are viewed as over-qualified. Whether you have too much or too little experience, this resume can showcase the talents you used as an intern, volunteer, or student. It may also let you demonstrate how a hobby of yours gave you skills and abilities needed in the particular job. Applicants with perhaps too much experience can show how their experience, then adding dependability and a strong work ethic, can make them the best choice.

The last type of resume is the combination resume.

Job coaches and resume writing services believe this is the best one. It combines the features of the chronological and functional types which make it great. There are two common kinds of combination resumes. One lists the functional achievements and skills first, followed by the employment record in chronological order. The second kind lists the employment history in chronological order, then lists an applicant’s achievements and skills rather than specific duties and responsibilities.

No matter which type of resume you choose, remember its purpose is to act as a sales letter to the employer.  Selling them on you as both a person and employee is the primary focus. Make yourself stand out, and good luck landing your dream job!

Effective Resumes and Cover Letters: 10 Best Tips

Having effective resumes and cover letters should be at the foundation of any job search. Although not many people take the time for a cover letter, they really should. This shows why you want to be with this company and little more detail about yourself. Here are ten tips for effective resumes and cover letters.

effective resumes and cover letters

Effective Resumes and Cover Letters Tips

1. Emphasis on strengths

Don’t be afraid to get into moderate detail about things. It is not enough to say that you work for this one company. Okay, what did you do for this company? What did you learn from that experience? What responsibilities did you take on? This is point where you want to show yourself off. Don’t be to modest and don’t be to cocky. Find the in-between.

2. Attractive, consistent formatting

There are absolutely no set ways in presenting your resume. You can choose any font, any size, and any type of paper you want to use, but you should keep in mind that you are giving this to companies. It is okay to stand out but keep it professional. If you are out to raise eyebrows, make sure those are good looks and not the bad ones. Keep it clean and straight forward.

3. Absolutely no typos

This may seem like a small minor detail to some people, but to others it is a huge deal. So your job does not entail that you must be an English major in the listing but there really is no excuse for error. When you present yourself, you don’t want to make yourself look bad. Spell check everything, even if you think it is perfect. Remember in elementary school when your teacher would make you pass your paper over to the left so the other student could find the errors that you surpassed, yeah, that is what spell check is to you now, the student to the left.

4. Grab the reader from the get-go

Cover letters are very important to have. Not only does it show your interest more, it also opens up a welcoming door into you. Because a cover letter is the first thing anyone sees make sure it is catchy. There will be dozens of other people out there starting there cover letters with ” I am responding to your ad on” and instantly you have hit the snooze button. Try getting creative with out you start your paragraphs. Maybe something like ” My experience in management, customer service, and merchandising would make me a great fit for you.” Don’t be afraid to add a little spice here and there.

5. Avoid passive voice

Many people are not even aware that they are using a passive voice when it comes to writing. It is very important to know the voice of your writing when it is presented to a future employer. Instead of saying ” I earn all my credentials doing my work”, maybe you could say something like ” I have earned many credentials through the course of my work.” See, doesn’t that sound a little better?

6. Don’t be touchy-feely

It is so natural for anyone person to start writing about their feelings. The employer knows that you feel you are the fit, but why. They know you believe this is where you belong, but why?

7. Target the Right Person

Finding the right person to hand and present your resume too is key. That is what makes the difference between the top of the pile and the recycling bin. Instead of starting off your cover letter with “To whom it may concern,” try finding out the name of the person you have to give it to.

8. Avoid Exaggeration

It is always important to sell yourself when all you have talking for you is a piece of paper. Be careful not to over sell yourself. Mainly because if that interview time comes along it will be pretty hard to tell them what you mean by “greatest in all the land,” so avoid over exaggeration.

9. Be Proactive

You have done the first step, now you can sit back and wait, right? Wrong. You won’t get anywhere if you are waiting for the employer to take any action. Show them that this is the job you want. Following up on your resume is one of the key points in landing a job.

10. Keep It Simple

Never send a letter that is over a page long. First of all this will be a waste of both you and the employers time. They won’t read it and you wasted time writing it out to sound nice. The first sentence should catch their attention. Keep it simple, brief, and to the point.

Targeted Resume

A targeted resume is a resume that is written specifically for the job that you are applying for. It is tailored to appeal to specific prospective employers. Targeted resumes take time to write but can be very helpful in showcasing skills, experience, and education that pertain to a specific job. Targeted resumes can range from editing a generic resume to catch the attention of a specific employer to actually writing a custom resume for a particular job opportunity.

One of the easiest ways to create a target resume is by adding a summary of qualifications at the top of your generic resume. In your summary you can include the degrees, work experience, and skills that are needed in that position that you are applying for. You can also create an individual target resume for a particular job opportunity. You can reword your resume in a way that all of your skills and previous responsibilities pertain to that job that you are coveting. Job seekers that don’t have time to create a targeted resume for each job that they are applying for can create a targeted cover letter where they showcase relevant skills to their prospective employers. Keep in mind that employers spend a few seconds reviewing your information so make sure you include information that will catch their eye.

3 of the Most Common Resume Mistakes

When you do not have a job, your resume is the most crucial part of any application process so it is important to not make any mistakes. There are three common mistakes that many people make on their resumes such as spell checking, updating, and useless information. These kinds of mistakes can easily be avoided and will help you get your perfect job.

Forgetting to spell check is very common because it is something most people do not think about before submitting their resume online or printing it out to personally hand it to potential employers. To help you remember, you could place a small sticky note on your screen while typing up your resume as a reminder. You could also keep spell checking throughout your resume after you type up each section. The more times you spell check; the better you will remember to do one final check at the end.

Forgetting to update your information is another common mistake. You may have recently received certifications that may help you get the job. If you do not put that on there, then the job will more than likely go to someone that has those certifications and that could have been you. If you have recently gone to school to achieve a higher level of education, that is also important to put on there.

Another common mistake is that many people choose to type up their entire work or education history. What many people do not know is that if your resume is more than one page many employers will toss it in the trash. They are way too busy and have too many resumes to go through to sit and read your entire resume. To avoid that mistake, only include your most recent education. They already know that you have graduated from high school so be sure to only put your college education and make sure it is relevant to the job position you are inquiring about. For your work history, make sure that you only put two of the previous jobs you have had.

After seeing how easy it is to correct mistakes if you have already made them be sure to go over your resume one last time. Make sure you have spell checked, make sure all your information is updated, and be sure that you have narrowed your resume down to one page. With all those errors fixed, you are on your way to receiving several phone calls for job interviews.

Building an Effective Resume

When building a resume, there are some tips to keep in mind. Many times it is difficult to decide exactly what should be included and what should not. How long should it be and what style should be used are important factors to consider.

A resume should not be a life history report. It does not need to include every class you’ve ever taken nor every job you’ve ever held. You do not need a long list of references for each job. You do not need to include addresses and phone numbers for each employer. If a potential employer would like more information, they will ask you. You should not include all your abilities and skills. Going on and on about your cooking ability for an office job will only take needed space.

A resume should not be longer than a page and it should not be difficult to read. When resumes extend pages and pages, the potential employer gets tired and frustrated. Keep in mind that they are probably looking at hundreds of resumes, and a long resume may deter them enough to not even consider it. It should be short and to the point.

A resume should contain the intended mission or purpose of sending it. It should include education and experience that is relevant to the type of job that is being sought out. It is appropriate to include brief descriptions of tasks and accomplishments during each job listed. It should highlight your abilities and skills that are pertinent to the job. It should include your name, address and a way to contact you.

In order to make your resume stand out, you may be tempted to choose bright colors and big lettering. This may get the potential employer’s attention, but it may not convince them that you are serious or right for the job. Resume style should be simple and clear. It should not have many distractions and clip art. It should be built to have the information stand out, not your sense of humor.

With all the potential candidates, make sure your resume is concise and accurate. Misspellings, typos and mistakes detract from your credibility. It can cause a potential employer to assume that you are not serious or conscientious. If you are printing your resume, make sure the paper is clean and not folded or crumpled in any way. Your resume represents you.